Precision (or personalised) medicine, i.e. the concept that everyone has a unique response to disease susceptibility and drug metabolism, is far from being a revolutionary concept. Because of a growing body of literature now supports the identification of various forms of ARDS with potential differences regarding their management, response to therapeutic interventions or prognosis, the next step will be to implement and evaluate the concept of precision medicine to inform therapeutic approach and tailor treatment and prevention strategies to individual patients with ARDS.
What steps are needed to move precision medicine for ARDS closer reality? Steps include a deeper understanding of the clinical and biological heterogeneity within the syndrome, improvements in the translation of basic research findings into clinical practice, and investment in the development of point-of-care tests. This eBook outlines further information with regards to acute respiratory distress syndrome and the need for precision medicine.